The great fire of london famous people great events

The burning of Portlvà is part of a long history of Great Fires around the world.

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Portland’s Great Fire of 1866 was the worst urban fire in the history of the United States at the time. Within a decade, Chicago and Boston would have their own great fires and suffer even more destruction.Here is a look at other Great Fires in history.

64 AD – Burning of Rome: Emperor Nero was blamed for starting the six-day bLaser, though a historian later claimed that the brutal dictator was out of town at the time. Started July 18 in shops near the Circus Maximus, fire destroyed or damaged about half of the city. It was rumored that Nero watched from his palace on Palatine Hill & played his lyre, giving rise to the saying, “Nero fiddled while Rome burned.” To satisfy his critics, Nero executed hundreds of Christians for alleged arson, crucifying or burning some & feeding others khổng lồ lions during aremãng cầu spectacles.


A painting by an unknown artist shows the Great Fire of London in 1666.

1666 – Great Fire of London: It started after midnight May 2 on Pudding Lane, near London Bridge, in a bakery that served King Charles II. London’s mostly wooden buildings were bone dry amid a lengthy drought, so the fire spread quickly, destroying about 80 percent of the thành phố. Over the next three days, it wiped out 13,200 houses and 89 churches, including Old St. Paul’s Church. It also killed as many as 16 people and left 100,000 to lớn 200,000 people homeless. On a positive note, it also killed many rats and ostensibly ended London’s last major outbreak of the bubonic plague.

1812 – Burning of Moscow: Three-quarters of the thành phố was destroyed by fires set by Russian soldiers in retreat as Napoleon’s Grande Armée of 500,000 troops invaded the capital on Sept. 14. Though most of the city’s 270,000 inhabitants had fled, the four-day fire killed about 12,000 people và destroyed more than 14,700 buildings. Napoleon occupied the burned-out city through October, hoping Czar Alexander I would surrender, then withdrew his starving army in November, marching trang chủ through winter snows with fewer than 100,000 troops.


This print in the Library of Congress shows the Great Fire in Thành Phố New York on Dec. 16, 1835.

1835 – Great Fire of New York: It started the evening of Dec. 16 in Lower Manhatchảy, where a gas line burst và was ignited by a coal stove. Gale-force winds spread the btia laze across 17 blocks, destroying more than 500 buildings và killing two people in 15 hours. Firefighters were hobbled because subzero temperatures had frozen water sources, including the nearby East & Hudson rivers. The flames melted iron shutters và copper roofs on newer buildings that were thought to be fireproof. Property damage was estimated at $20 million (at least $486 million today).

1845 – Great New York City Fire: It broke out July 19 in a whale-oil & candle factory, destroying 345 buildings in Lower Manhattan và killing 30 people, including four firefighters. The fire accelerated when it reached a large warehouse containing saltpeter, a component of gunpowder, which exploded and flattened several buildings. Property damage was at least $10 million (about $243 million today), but the limits of the fire demonstrated the value of building codes that required stone và briông chồng construction following the 1835 fire.

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This lithograph in the Library of Congress shows the Great Fire at Chicago Oct. 9, 1871, five years after Portlvà burned.

1871 – Great Chicago Fire: The bLaser started Oct. 8 in or near a barn owned by Patrick and Catherine O’Leary, possibly when Mrs. O’Leary’s cow kicked over a lantern. Following a summer drought & fanned by strong winds, the fire burned through the city’s wooden houses, streets và sidewalks for more than two days. It killed as many as 300 people, destroyed 17,500 buildings & left one-third of the city’s 300,000 residents homeless. Property damage was estimated at $200 million (about $5 billion today).


This lithograph in the Library of Congress shows Boston’s Great Fire on Nov. 9-10, 1872.

1872 – Great Boston Fire: Originating in a warehouse on Summer Street, the Nov. 9 fire destroyed 776 structures & killed at least 30 people in just 12 hours. The flames spread quickly through narrow streets lined with both residential và industrial buildings made of wood. Property damage was estimated at more than $70 million ($1.7 billion today). In the wake of the fire, the thành phố improved fire fighting and construction standards & built its financial district in the neighborhood that was destroyed.

1904 – Baltimore Conflagration: Started Feb. 7 in the John Hurst Building, the fire burned for 30 hours through the city’s business & retail districts. It destroyed 1,500 buildings, left 35,000 people unemployed và caused more than $150 million in damages (about $3.6 billion today). Despite relatively modern firefighting equipment, the bLaser spread because crews from other cities couldn’t hook their hoses khổng lồ Baltimore’s hydrants. The experience eventually led lớn a national standard, known as the Baltimore standard, for hydrant size và hose couplings.

1906 – San Francisteo Earthquake và Fire: One of the most significant earthquakes of all time, the April 18 upheaval of the San Andreas Fault was felt from Los Angeles khổng lồ Oregon và into lớn central Nevadomain authority. It ruptured the city’s gas & water lines, leaving the fire department without the means khổng lồ fight the resulting blaze that consumed the đô thị for several days. In total, about 3,000 people died, 28,000 buildings were destroyed & as many as 300,000 residents were left homeless. Property damage was estimated at more than $400 million (about $10 billion today).

1911 – Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire: One of the deadliest industrial disasters in U.S. history, the March 25 fire in a Greenwich Village blouse factory killed 143 garment workers, most of them young immigrant women in their teens & 20s. Located on the eighth through 10th floors, the factory’s doors were locked lớn prevent unauthorized breaks và employee theft. Workers suffocated, fell or jumped khổng lồ their deaths. The tragedy led labor unions to fight for & win more humane working conditions in so-called sweatshops.

1933 – Great Ellsworth Fire: On May 7, an arsonist set fire khổng lồ the Old Bijou Theater Building, triggering a conflagration that destroyed most of the downtown business district and residences south of Main Street. At least 14 towns sent firefighters to lớn help battle the bLaser for several hours. They used dynamite khổng lồ create a fire break, but still it spread through 150 buildings, and airborne debris phối fires up to two miles away. Damage was estimated at $1.2 million ($22 million today). Charged with the starting the fire was Norman Moore, a dishwasher at a local restaurant, who was found not guilty by reason of insanity và committed to the psychiatric hospital in Bangor, according The Ellsworth American.

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1933 – Great Auburn Fire: The Depression-era bLaser started May 15 at Pontbriand’s Garage on Mill Street, in a densely populated neighborhood of wooden tenements. Pushed by high winds, it destroyed 248 buildings within five hours, including two schools, & left more than 2,000 people homeless, many of them recent immigrants. Fire departments from 12 communities helped fight the flames & four national guard companies patrolled the area afterward. Property damage was estimated at $2 million ($37 million today). The rebuilt area is known as New Auburn.