Back up a windows server 2012 r2 domain controller

Maintaining an AD DS Database is an important administrative sầu task that you must schedule regular to lớn ensure that, in the case of disaster. You can recover lost or corrupted data và repair the AD DS Database.

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The AD DS has its own database engine, the Extensible Storage Engine (ESE), which manages the storage of all AD DS objects in an AD DS database. The AD DS database is stored as a tệp tin name Ntds.dit. When you install & configure AD DS, you can specify the location of the file. The default location is %SystemRoot%NTDS.

AD DS includes the following files as in figure.

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You can baông chồng up AD DS by using Windows Server Backup, Wbadmin.exe cộ or PowerShell. Depending on the roles installed on the computer running Windows Server 2012 R2, the System State Data on a Domain Controller includes the following components:

Active Directory Database (Ntds.dit)The SYSVOL shared folderThe registrySystem startup filesThe COM+ Class Registration databaseActive Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) databaseCluster service informationMicrosoft Internet Information Services (IIS) metadirectorySystem files under Windows Resource Protection

Backing up the System State in Windows Server 2012 R2 creates a point-in-time snapshot that you can use to restore a VPS khổng lồ a previous working state. It does this using the Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS). VSS helps to lớn prsự kiện inadvertent data loss.

To baông chồng up the System State Backup using the Graphical User Interface (GUI), perform the following steps:

1. Log on to lớn the tên miền controller with an trương mục that is a member of the Domain Admins group & Open Server Manager from the Taskbar.

2. In the Server Manager, cliông xã the Tools Menu and select Windows Server Backup.

3. In the Wbadmin (Windows Server Backup) Local console, Clichồng Backup Once in the Actions pane.

4. On the Backup Once Wizard page, cliông chồng the Different Options, and then click Next.

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5. On the Select Backup Configuration page, clichồng the Custom button, và then click Next.

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6. On the Select Items for Backup page, cliông xã the Add Items button. In the Select Items Windows, kiểm tra System state check box, & then click OK.

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7. Back on the Select Items for Backup page, click Advanced Settings, and then cliông xã VSS Settings và select VSS full backup clichồng Next.

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8. On the Specify Destination Type page, select either the Local drives or Remote shared folder button and cliông xã Next.

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9. On the Select Backup Destination page, select the backup destination và then cliông xã Next.

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10. On the Confirmation page nhận xét the Backup items, và then cliông xã Backup lớn continue..

11. On the Backup Progress page, System state backup status is completed & then clicks Close.

To bachồng up System State through the Wbadmin.exe:

1. mở cửa Comm& Prompt (Admin).

2. In the Administrator: Comm& Prompt, type wbadmin.exe pháo Start SystemStateBackup

–backuptarget:E:

This will baông xã up the System State from volume(s) from Local Disk (C:) to E:.

Do you want khổng lồ start the backup operation?

Type Y for Yes & Press Enter.

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Next, Wbadmin.exe creates the shadow copy of the C drive sầu. After it does this it identifies the system state files lớn baông xã up. Once it has completed its search for system state files, it begins the bachồng up.

Figure shows that back up of system state completed successfully.

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Summary:

Backing of Active sầu Directory is essential to lớn maintain an AD DS database. You can baông xã up AD DS by using Graphical User Interface (GUI), Wbadmin.exe cộ or PowerShell. I hope this article helps during Backing up AD DS Database in Windows Server 2012 R2 Domain Controller.