To followed by

Advanced English Grammar CourseHello students! I received a great question from a student:

Is it possible khổng lồ use ‘to’ followed by the ‘ing’ form?

For example, “I’m looking forward to seeing you.”

This is an excellent question, because normally, ‘to’ is followed by the base size.

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For example, “I want to order pizza,” or “He’s hoping to find a new job soon.” But there are some exceptions with specific words, & I’m going khổng lồ tell you about them in today’s đoạn Clip.

Two such exceptions are the words confess or admit to doing something. For example, “He confessed khổng lồ stealing the money.” We say “confessed to stealing,” not “he confessed to lớn steal.”

In this sentence, the word stealing is a gerund. A gerund is the ‘ing’ khung which functions as a noun in the sentence. For example, we could also say, “He confessed lớn the crime.” The crime is a noun, so we can replace the noun with the phrase “stealing the money”: “He confessed to lớn stealing the money.”

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Here’s an example with the word “admit:” “She won’t admit to cheating on the kiểm tra.” Another way khổng lồ say this is: “She won’t admit that she cheated on the kiểm tra.” These two sentences are the same. It’s just phrased a little bit differently.

The next group of words that can be followed by ‘to’ plus the ‘ing’ form are: devoted, dedicated & committed to lớn doing something. For example, “She’s dedicated to lớn helping the poor.”

“Dedicated to” is followed by the gerund; “helping.” “She’s dedicated lớn helping the poor.” This also applies lớn the noun size, dedication. For example, “I’m impressed by her dedication to lớn helping the poor.”

Devoted is similar to lớn dedicated. We could also say, “She’s devoted to helping the poor” and “I’m impressed by her devotion lớn helping the poor.”

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Here’s an example with “committed”: “We’re committed lớn improving the community.” And again, it works the same way with the noun form, “commitment.” For example, “We talked about our commitment to lớn improving the community.”

So, ‘dedicated to,’ ‘devoted lớn,’ ‘committed khổng lồ,’ and their noun forms; ‘dedication lớn,’ ‘devotion to lớn,’ and ‘commitment to’ can all be followed by the -ING khung of the verb.

Two more words like this are opposed to and object to lớn. For example, “I’m opposed to changing the laws.” We could also say, “I’m opposed to a change in the laws.” ‘A change’ is a noun. Or, “I’m opposed lớn changing the laws.” In this sentence, again, ‘changing’ is the gerund. It’s the ‘ing’ size of the verb which is functioning as a noun in the sentence.

And this also works with the noun khung of oppose: opposition.

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 For example, “There’s a lot of opposition to changing the laws.”

The same applies to ‘object to’ and ‘objection khổng lồ.’ For example, “We object to lớn allowing smoking inside the building,” & “I don’t understand your objection khổng lồ allowing smoking inside the building.”

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A fourth group of words which is followed by ‘to’ plus the -ING form is: be used to or be accustomed to & adjust khổng lồ. For example, “I’m not used lớn waking up so early.” Or, “I’m not accustomed khổng lồ waking up so early.”

If you take a plane trip lớn a different time zone, then you might need khổng lồ adjust to waking up earlier. So, these three expressions; ‘be used to,’ ‘be accustomed khổng lồ,’ and ‘adjust to’ are also followed by the -ING form of the verb.

Finally, we have sầu some phrasal verbs. Phrasal verbs that over in ‘to’ can also be followed by the -ING form. The two most common ones are probably look forward to and get around to.

With “look forward lớn,” I gave an example in the beginning of this video: “I’m looking forward lớn seeing you.” Don’t make the common mistake of saying, “I’m looking forward khổng lồ see you.” It’s just not correct. Look forward to is a phrasal verb; it’s considered a unit, & after this phrasal verb we always use the -ING khung.

Get around to means lớn manage to bởi vì something after some delays or despite not having a lot of time. For example, “I never got around lớn calling her bachồng.” This means I didn’t have a lot of time và I had other things going on, so I didn’t manage khổng lồ Hotline her back. You can say, “I never got around khổng lồ calling her baông xã.”

You can also use “get around to” for the future: “I’ll get around to doing this project sometime next week.” This means I don’t know exactly when because I have sầu a lot of other commitments, but I will manage to do it. I will get around lớn doing it sometime next week.

So, just to lớn review: normally, after the word ‘to’ we use the base form of the verb, but there are some exceptions, such as:

confess or admit to doing somethingoppose or object to doing somethingbe dedicated / devoted / committed to doing something;be used khổng lồ / be accustomed to lớn / adjust to doing something.phrasal verbs, lượt thích look forward to doing something or get around to doing something.

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Using ‘to’ plus the ‘ing’ size is unusual in English, but there are a few cases, as you’ve seen in the examples in this Clip. Thanks for watching & I’ll see you next lesson.