Windows server 2008 r2 activation

Problem

Given the amount of deployments I do, it’s surprising that I don’t use KMS more often. Like most technical types, I find a way that works for me, & that’s the way I vị things from then on. However these last few weeks I’ve sầu been putting in a new infrastructure for a local secondary school. Their mạng internet access is through a proxy VPS, that refuses lớn let Windows activation work. Unfortunately the “Administrators” of this proxy server were not disposed khổng lồ give sầu me any help, or let me anywhere near it, khổng lồ fix it.

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So after activating a dozen servers over the phone, I decided enough was enough “I’m putting in a KMS Server!”

I’m deploying KMS on Windows Server 2008 R2, và it is for the licensing and activation of Serer 2008 R2 & Windows 7. I will also add in the licensing KMS mechanism for Office 2010 as well.

Note: If you are using Server 2003 it will need SP1 (at least) and this update.

Solution

To be honest it’s more difficult to find out how khổng lồ deploy a KMS server, than it actually is to bởi vì. I’ve gone inlớn a fair bit of detail below but most of you will simply need khổng lồ follow steps 1-4 (immediately below). In addition, after that I’ve sầu outlined how lớn deploy KMS from commvà line. Then how khổng lồ chạy thử it, và finally how khổng lồ add Microsoft Office 2010 Licenses lớn the KMS Server.

Install Microsoft Windows 2008 R2 Key Management Service (EASY)

1. The most difficult part is locating your KMS Key! If you have a Microsoft License agreement, log inkhổng lồ the the Microsoft Volume License Service Center, và retrieve the KMS License Key for “Windows Server 2008 Std/Ent KMS B”

Note: To License/Activate Server 2008 R2 AND Windows 7 THIS IS THE ONLY KEY YOU NEED. You do NOT need khổng lồ add additional keys for Windows 7. (You DO for Office 2010, but I’ll cover that below).

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2. Armed with your new key, you simply need to lớn change the sản phẩm key on the server that will be the KMS VPS, to the new key. Start > Right Cliông chồng “Computer” > Properties. (Or Control Panel > System). Select “Change Product Key” > Enter the new KMS Key > Next.

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3. You will receive sầu a warning that you are using a KMS Key > OK. You may now need khổng lồ activate your copy of Windows with Microsoft, this is done as normal, if you can’t get it khổng lồ work over the internet you can choose khổng lồ vày it over the phone.

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4. In a corporate environment (behind an edge firewall) you may have the local firewall disabled on the hệ thống. If you do NOT then you need to allow access through the local firewall for the “Key Management Service”, (this runs over TCP port 1688). To allow the service, Start > Firewall.cpl enter > Allow program or feature through Windows Firewall” > Tiông xã Key Management Service > OK.

Note: Should you wish the change the port the service uses, you can vì so with the following command, i.e. lớn change it to TCP Port 1024;


That’s It! That is all you should need khổng lồ vị, your KMS Server is up and running.

Install Microsoft Windows 2008 R2 Key Management Service from Command Line

You will notice below that I’m running these commands from commvà windows running as administrator (Right cliông chồng “Command Prompt” > Run as administrator).

1. Locate your “Windows Server 2008 Std/Ent KMS B” Key > From comm& line issue the following command;


Note: To License/Activate Server 2008 R2 AND Windows 7 THIS IS THE ONLY KEY YOU NEED. You do NOT need khổng lồ add additional keys for Windows 7. (You DO for Office 2010, but I’ll cover that below).

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2. Providing the commvà runs without error, we have just changed the hàng hóa key for this Windows server lớn be the KMS key.

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3. Now we need khổng lồ activate the Windows Server > Run the following command;


Select “Activate Windows online now” > Follow the on screen prompts.

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4. When complete, it should tell you that it was successfully activated.

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5. In a corporate environment (behind an edge firewall) you may have sầu the local firewall disabled on the VPS. If you do NOT then you need to lớn allow access through the local firewall for the “Key Management Service”, (this runs over TCP port 1688). To allow the service, Start > Firewall.cpl enter > Allow program or feature through Windows Firewall” > Tick Key Management Service > OK.

Note: Should you wish the change the port the service uses, you can vị so with the following commvà, i.e. lớn change it to TCP Port 1024;


That’s It! That is all you should need to vì chưng, your KMS Server is up & running.

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Testing the Key Management Server

Before it will start doing what you want it to lớn, you need to lớn meet certain thresholds, with Windows 7 clients it WONT work till it has had 25 requests from client machines. If you are making the requests from Windows 2008 Servers then the count is 5. (Note: For Office 2010 the count is 5 NOT 25)

Interestingly: On my thử nghiệm network I activated five sầu Windows 7 machines, then one hệ thống, and it started working.

Windows 7 and Windows 2008 R2 have sầu KMS Keys BUILT INTO THEM, if you are deploying/imaging machines you should not need khổng lồ enter a key inlớn them (unless you have entered a MAK key on these machines then you will need lớn change it khổng lồ a client KMS Key). These are publicly available (see here).

1. The service works because it puts an SRV record in your DNS, when clients want lớn activate, they simply look for this record before they try & activate with Microsoft, if they find the record, they activate from your KMS Server instead. If you look on your tên miền DNS servers, exp& “Forward Lookup Zones” > your domain name name > _tcp > You will see an entry for _VLMCS that points khổng lồ your KMS Server.

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2. From your client machines you can test that they can see the SRV record, by running the following command;


Note: If this fails, can your client see the DNS server? And is it in the domain?

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3. There is no GUI console for KMS lớn see its status, so run the following commvà on the KMS server;


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4. As I’ve sầu mentioned above sầu, with Windows clients you need 25, & Windows Servers you will need 5 requests before KMS will work, before this you will see;

Windows ActivationA problem occurred when Windows tried to activate. Error Code 0xC004F038

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5. For each of these failures, look-in the KMS Server, & the “Current count” will increment by 1 till it starts to lớn work). In a live sầu environment this wont be a problem, (You probably wont be looking at KMS with less than 25 clients!). On a thử nghiệm network just clone/deploy a load of machines until you hit the threshold.

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Troubleshooting KMS Clients

To make things simple the commvà khổng lồ exedễ thương on the clients, is the same command that you run on the KMS hệ thống khổng lồ check the status.


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For further troubleshooting, see the following link.

How lớn troubleshoot the Key Management Service (KMS)

Managing License States

Adding an Office 2010 KMS Key khổng lồ Your KMS Server.

In addition to servers and clients, KMS can activate và handle Office 2010 licenses as well. You simply need to add in Office tư vấn, and your Office 2010 KMS key. As mentioned above sầu, unlike Windows clients, you only need five sầu requests khổng lồ the KMS hệ thống before it will start activating Office 2010 normally.

If you want a KMS Server for JUST OFFICE 2010 & not Windows, then simply install and run the Office 2010 Key Management Service Host.

1. First locate your Office 2010 KMS Key! If you have a Microsoft License agreement, log inkhổng lồ the the Microsoft Volume License Service Center, & retrieve sầu the KMS License Key for “Office 2010 Suites and Apps KMS”

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Note: As with Windows 7, and Server 2008 R2, Office 2010 comes with a KMS key already installed, if you have sầu changed the key lớn a MAK key you can change it bachồng using the Microsoft public KMS keys (see here).

2. Download and run the “Microsoft Office 2010 KMS Host License Pack“.

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3. When prompted type/paste in your “Office 2010 Suites và Apps KMS” hàng hóa key > OK.

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4. It should accept the key.

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5. Press Enter khổng lồ cchiến bại.

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6. Once you have sầu five sầu Office 2010 installations they should start lớn activate from your KMS VPS.

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Troubleshooting Office 2010 KMS Activation

If you have sầu a client that refuses to lớn work you can manually force it to lớn activate against your KMS server;

x64 Bit Clients. (Where kms.domaina.com is the FQDN of the KMS server)


cscript “C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeOffice14OSPPhường.VBS” /sethst:kms.domaina.comcscript “C:Program Files (x86)Microsoft OfficeOffice14OSPP.VBS” /act
cscript “C:Program FilesMicrosoft OfficeOffice14OSPP..VBS” /sethst:kms.domaina.comcscript “C:Program FilesMicrosoft OfficeOffice14OSPP..VBS” /act